Giovi evidenziare come anche l’Autorità statunitense della sicurezza sul lavoro si sia espressa sulla necessità che il datore di lavoro includa anche il rischio di contagio da COVID-19 nell’ambito della valutazione dei rischi cui sono esposti i lavoratori durante lo svolgimento delle proprie mansioni.
E difatti: “In fulfilling their obligation to provide a safe workplace for employees, employers need to assess potential hazards in the workplace. Given the current pandemic, OSHA emphasizes that this responsibility includes considering whether workers may encounter someone infected with COVID-19 in the course of their duties, and if they will be exposed to environments or materials contaminated with the virus”.
In its guidance on COVID-19, OSHA divided job tasks into four risk exposure levels: very high, high, medium, and lower risk. “The level of risk depends in part on the industry type, need for contact within 6 feet of people known to be, or suspected of being, infected with SARS-CoV-2, or requirement for repeated or extended contact with persons known to be, or suspected of being, infected with SARS-CoV-2.” (Guidance, at 18.)